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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. TigerGraph vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. TigerGraph vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWidely used open source RDBMSA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score152.16
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1267.65
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Score0.43
Rank#218  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchwww.mysql.comwww.tigergraph.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.tigergraph.comtrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperElasticOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release2010199520172014
Current release7.3.0, August 20198.0.18, October 20192.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C++, Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (GSQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxyesJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornoyesyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMySQLTigerGraphTrafodion
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosSearch, logging, security, metrics, maps and business analytics use cases.
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customers
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsMore than 400 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
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Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMySQLTigerGraphTrafodion
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