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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWidely used open source RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score134.78
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1087.72
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mysql.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperElasticOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201019952014
Current release8.6, January 20238.3.0, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
ElasticsearchMySQLSnowflake
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