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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWidely used open source RDBMSPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score134.78
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1087.72
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score156.44
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mysql.comredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
DeveloperElasticOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release201019952009
Current release8.6, January 20238.3.0, January 20247.2.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionswith RediSQL module
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
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Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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Navicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMySQLRedis
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