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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWidely used open source RDBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#245  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmltrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmltrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperElasticOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release2010199520112014
Current release7.8.0, June 20208.0.28, January 202221.2, September 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++JavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxnoJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornowith Hadoop integrationyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
ElasticsearchMySQLOracle NoSQLTrafodion
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