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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV vs. SQream DB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Riak KV vs. SQream DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSQream DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storea GPU-based, columnar RDBMS for big data analytics workloads
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score158.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score5.88
Rank#63  Overall
#8  Key-value stores
Score0.66
Rank#215  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comriak.com/­products/­riak-kvsqream.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.sqream.com
DeveloperElasticMongoDB, IncBasho TechnologiesSQream Technologies
Initial release2010200920092014
Current release7.8.0, June 20205.0, July 20212.1.0, April 20152020.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++ErlangC++, CUDA, Haskell
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnoyes, ANSI Standard SQL Types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInoyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSONHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptJavaScript and Erlanguser defined functions in Python
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal and vertical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMongoDBRiak KVSQream DB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchMongoDBRiak KVSQream DB
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Introduction to MongoDB
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Recent citations in the news

Scaling Elasticsearch Percolation for Government Data | by Jake Sager | FiscalNoteworthy | Oct, 2021
22 October 2021, Medium

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