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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Document store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score152.18
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score469.97
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score155.89
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comredis.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperElasticMongoDB, IncSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201020092009
Current release7.8.0, June 20204.4.5, April 20216.2.1 , March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSONproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptLua
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno infopublish/subscribe channels provide limited trigger functionality
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMongoDBRedis
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
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MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
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Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
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Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
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Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
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125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
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Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
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MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
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The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
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Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
» more
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Datadog: Visualize all your MongoDB metrics.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more
Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
» more

Redis Enterprise Cloud: Try with 400$ usage credit.
» more

Datadog: Monitor all Redis metrics: hit rates, clients, commands per second, and more.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMongoDBRedis
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Conferences and events

An Introduction to MongoDB Query API
Webinar, EMEA/APAC: April 21st, 10am GMT; AMER: April 22nd, 9am PDT, 21-22 April 2021

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