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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document storesOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score149.27
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score410.06
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.79
Rank#72  Overall
#13  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comravendb.net
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperElasticMongoDB, IncHibernating Rhinos
Initial release201020092010
Current release7.3.0, August 20194.0.10, May 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.RavenDB Cloud: Deploy a multi-node managed cluster in minutes. 10% discount for all users throughout 2019.
Implementation languageJavaC++C#
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSON.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptyes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-slave replicationMulti-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linq
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundle
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMongoDBRavenDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
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By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenarios
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Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customers
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more
DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMongoDBRavenDB
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Recent citations in the news

The Warehouse Chooses Elastic’s Elasticsearch Service to Boost Consumer Loyalty
18 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

The Warehouse rolls out Elasticsearch to power its returns policy
18 September 2019, Reseller News

Elastic releases Elasticsearch Service on Azure
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Review: NoSQL database RavenDB
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