DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Nebula Graph

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score155.35
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score481.01
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.03
Rank#168  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperElasticMongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.
Initial release201020092019
Current release7.8.0, June 20204.4.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMongoDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Step by Step Tutorial: From Data Preprocessing to Using Graph Database
6 May 2021

Nebula Operator Overview: Automated Operation on Kubernetes
29 April 2021

Graph Database Evaluation | Why 360 DigiTech Migrates from JanusGraph to Nebula Graph
22 April 2021

Nebula Graph v2.0.1 Release Note
15 April 2021

Communications in a Cluster: About Heartbeat Mechanism
14 April 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

Datadog: Visualize all your MongoDB metrics.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMongoDBNebula Graph
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

MongoDB, Back to Basics
Webinar Recording, 27 April 2021 - 27 May 2021

Recent citations in the news

Log management tools add finesse to Elasticsearch
12 May 2021, CTOvision

Logit.io Announce Platform Support For Open Distro For Elasticsearch
21 April 2021, Container Journal

Converging Technologies Driving Billion-scale Elasticsearch
12 May 2021, CTOvision

Amazon Updates Its Elasticsearch Service, Begins Embrace of New Fork
28 April 2021, InfoQ.com

Amazon Forks Elasticsearch Rebranding It as OpenSearch
19 April 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

MongoDB, Inc. Announces Date of First Quarter Fiscal 2022 Earnings Call
13 May 2021, KPVI News 6

Back Up, Restore, and Migrate a MongoDB Database
13 May 2021, Pirate Press

MongoDB - Consensus Indicates Potential 49.8% Upside
13 May 2021, DirectorsTalk Interviews

MongoDB (NASDAQ:MDB) PT Lowered to $265.00 at Mizuho
12 May 2021, MarketBeat

Does This Valuation Of MongoDB, Inc. (NASDAQ:MDB) Imply Investors Are Overpaying?
13 May 2021, Simply Wall St

provided by Google News

Nebula Graph open sources Nebula Operator, embraces cloud native
29 April 2021, PR Web

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

Alternative Summer Of Code From China
12 May 2021, iProgrammer

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Elastic Admin
Intone Networks, Remote

Elasticsearch Engineer- W2 contract-remote
Avanade, Philadelphia, PA

QA Engineer
IFM Restoration, Austin, TX

Staff Software Engineer
IFM Restoration, Dallas, TX

Data Engineer
RE/MAX, LLC, Remote

MongoDB DBA
Intone Networks, Remote

MongoDB
State Tech, Remote

Sr. Java Developer (MongoDB)
V Projects, Remote

Database Administrator with MongoDB--100% Remote Position
Pentrogon security, Remote

Java/J2EE Developer with Mongodb
infolob, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here