DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Milvus vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Milvus vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelSearch engineSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score138.60
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.78
Rank#240  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score55.43
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchmilvus.ioneo4j.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201020192007
Current release7.8.0, June 20202.2, November 20225.3, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for MilvusNeo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaC++, GoJava, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesVector, Numeric and Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMilvusNeo4j
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAs of Oct 2022, 14k+ GitHub stars 2M+ downloads and installations 1000+ enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Announcing Neo4j Graph Data Science 2.3
1 February 2023

This Week in Neo4j: VS Code Extension, Geospatial Data, Closeness Centrality, Project Management, and More!
28 January 2023

How to Graph an ERP System in 3 Easy Steps
26 January 2023

Graph Analytics: The Future in Data Science?
25 January 2023

This Week in Neo4j: OpenAI, Deploying on GCP, Neodash, Graph Algorithms, Python, and More
21 January 2023

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMilvusNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Aerospike adds connector for Elasticsearch to run full-text queries
17 January 2023, InfoWorld

AWS Announces General Availability of OpenSearch Serverless
1 February 2023, Datanami

Elastic 8.6 Released with Improvements to Observability, Security ...
13 January 2023, InfoQ.com

Data Management News for the Week of January 20; Updates from ...
19 January 2023, Solutions Review

Customer database of Canadian mortgage broker left open on internet
2 February 2023, ITBusiness.ca

provided by Google News

Zilliz raises $60M for open source Milvus vector database
24 August 2022, TechTarget

Zilliz, the startup behind the Milvus open source vector database for AI apps, raises $60M, relocates to SF
24 August 2022, TechCrunch

Vector database startup Zilliz raises $60M in Series B funding ...
24 August 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Zilliz Announces Key Contributions to Milvus 2.1, the Leading Open ...
3 August 2022, businesswire.com

Zilliz Unfurls Managed Vector Database Service
29 November 2022, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

How to install the Neo4j Desktop app and connect it to a remote server
2 February 2023, TechRepublic

Gemini Data and Neo4j Announce Partnership to Deliver the World's ...
23 January 2023, PR Web

Neo4j Hires its First Chief Revenue Officer
5 January 2023, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j Announces General Availability of its Next-Generation Graph ...
9 November 2022, PR Newswire

Try a Neo4j Graph Database Right Here, Right Now
9 December 2022, The New Stack

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Sub-Saharan Africa SME
Two Six Technologies, Arlington, VA

Machine Learning Engineer, Relevance Platform
thredUP Inc, Oakland, CA

Staff Software Engineer - Community
Cash App, Seattle, WA

Engineering Manager, Workflow
Adobe, New York, NY

Back End Software Development Engineer 4 (Remote)
Axiom, Bellevue, WA

Tech lead-Towhee
Zilliz, Redwood City, CA

Executive Communications Writer
Zilliz, Redwood City, CA

Staff Software Engineer, Distributed System
Zilliz, San Francisco, CA

Developer Advocate
Zilliz, Redwood City, CA

Senior Product Marketing Manager
Zilliz, Redwood City, CA

Neo4j Developer (Remote)
CALIBRE Systems, Inc., Alexandria, VA

Developer Evangelist (Remote)
Couchbase, Remote

Neo4j Graph Database (remote)
Cognizant, Boston, MA

Senior IAM Lead Engineer of Directories and Neo4J
CVS Health, New Jersey

Open Data Specialist
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here