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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. searchxml

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. searchxml

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonsearchxml  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSDBMS for structured and unstructured content wrapped with an application server
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSNative XML DBMS
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#7  Native XML DBMS
#19  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.searchxml.net/­category/­products
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.searchxml.net/­support/­handouts
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftinformationpartners gmbh
Initial release201019892015
Current release7.8.0, June 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20191.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
WebDAV
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++ infomost other programming languages supported via APIs
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoon the application server
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes infosychronisation to multiple collections
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDmultiple readers, single writer
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardDomain, group and role-based access control at the document level and for application services

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More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL Serversearchxml
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon Elasticsearch Service is so flexible it wants to be called by a new name
10 September 2021, The Register

AWS Renames Amazon Elasticsearch Service to Amazon OpenSearch Service
15 September 2021, InfoQ.com

Elastic Announces Native Integration with Google Cloud Dataflow in Elastic Cloud, and Enhancements to Runtime Fields in Elasticsearch and Kibana
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ElasticSearch Fork OpenSearch is Generally Available
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10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

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