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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMicrosofts relational DBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score149.27
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1085.06
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score7.23
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serversphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release201019892001
Current release7.3.0, August 2019SQL Server 2017, October 20173.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerSphinx
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
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Typical application scenarios
» more
Key customers
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more
DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
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Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more

SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerSphinx
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Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

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