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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.83
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#326  Overall
#51  Key-value stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywheregithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftSAP infoformerly SybaseTerark
Initial release2010198919922016
Current release7.8.0, June 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTerarkDB
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