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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score154.71
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.61
Rank#64  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release201019891992
Current release7.8.0, June 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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