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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score159.09
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score17.90
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score7.91
Rank#56  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticssphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticssphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release201020162001
Current release7.8.0, June 20203.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedFreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlyesno

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More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSphinx
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Recent citations in the news

Instaclustr Elasticsearch cloud service becomes OpenSearch
1 November 2021, ZDNet

Elastic keeps ticking
15 November 2021, InfoWorld

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