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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle Coherence

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle Coherence

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOracles in-memory data grid solution
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score79.56
Rank#16  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score2.57
Rank#125  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­databasewww.oracle.com/­java/­coherence
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.oracle.com/­en/­middleware/­standalone/­coherence
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftOracle
Initial release201020102007
Current release8.6, January 2023V1214.1, August 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes infoLive Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes, with selectable consistency level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionally
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardauthentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authentication

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More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle Coherence
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