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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Spatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.35
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score29.04
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score421.65
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmllearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manual
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftMongoDB, Inc
Initial release201020142009
Current release8.6, January 20236.0.7, June 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureJavaScriptyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMongoDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesBuilt around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosAI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsHundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMongoDB
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