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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Memcached vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Rockset

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Memcached vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Rockset

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDB
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score144.93
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score24.20
Rank#33  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.99
Rank#207  Overall
#34  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.memcached.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrockset.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikidocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.rockset.com
DeveloperElasticDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalMicrosoftRockset
Initial release2010200319892019
Current release7.8.0, June 20201.6.17, August 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesdynamic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoingestion from XML files supported
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyesRead-only SQL queries, including JOINs
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP REST
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationAutomatic sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesnoyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset console

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More resources
ElasticsearchMemcachedMicrosoft SQL ServerRockset
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