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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. jBASE vs. MemSQL vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. jBASE vs. MemSQL vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonjBASE  Xexclude from comparisonMemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA robust multi-value DBMS comprising development tools and middlewareMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storageOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelSearch engineMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score150.50
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.23
Rank#121  Overall
#3  Multivalue DBMS
Score6.01
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score50.63
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.jbase.comwww.memsql.comneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.jbase.comdocs.memsql.comneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticZumasysMemSQL Inc.Neo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20101991201320072010
Current release7.8.0, June 20205.77.1.7, August 20204.1.1, July 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercialcommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.MemSQL Helios: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
Linux
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageEmbedded SQL for jBASE in BASICyes, but no triggers and foreign keysnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Basic
Jabbascript
Java
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesnoyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency only within each nodeCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITEDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchjBASEMemSQLNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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More resources
ElasticsearchjBASEMemSQLNeo4jStardog
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