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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score9.85
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score3.09
Rank#99  Overall
#19  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.marklogic.comrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.marklogic.comrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticMarkLogic Corp.The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release201020012009
Current release7.8.0, June 20209.0, 20172.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL92no
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes, with Range Indexesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsyes infousers and table-level permissions

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More resources
ElasticsearchMarkLogicRethinkDB
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