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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseOpen source graph database
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score148.82
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score13.51
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score49.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchwww.marklogic.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.marklogic.comneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticMarkLogic Corp.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release201020012007
Current release7.0.0, April 20199.0, 20173.5.4, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL92no
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMarkLogicNeo4j
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customers
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMarkLogicNeo4j
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

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