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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score150.17
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score13.06
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score412.09
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchwww.marklogic.comwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.marklogic.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperElasticMarkLogic Corp.MongoDB, Inc
Initial release201020012009
Current release7.3.0, August 20199.0, 20174.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL92Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes, with Range Indexesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMarkLogicMongoDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customers
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more
Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMarkLogicMongoDB
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Recent citations in the news

AWS faces Elasticsearch lawsuit for trademark infringement
1 October 2019, TechTarget

Review: Elasticsearch 7 soars with SQL, search optimizations
2 October 2019, InfoWorld

Amazon Sued for Allegedly Infringing Elasticsearch Trademarks
30 September 2019, Bloomberg Law

The Warehouse Chooses Elastic’s Elasticsearch Service to Boost Consumer Loyalty
18 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

Open Source Search Firm Accuses Amazon of Trademark Infringement | The Recorder
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11 October 2019, Media & Entertainment Services Alliance M&E Daily Newsletter

More Financial Services Firms to Invest in Data Management to Improve Investment Decisions
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Q&A: Brigham Bechtel talks big data and communications
26 September 2019, Army Technology

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MongoDB: Not A Buy Yet
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MongoDB points Compass at GitHub under SSPL
25 September 2019, DevClass

MongoDB cloud chief explains the value add that Atlas brings for modern data companies
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