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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Lovefield vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Lovefield vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.42
Rank#250  Overall
#119  Relational DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score128.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.70
Rank#135  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldorientdb.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperElasticGoogleOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release20102014201020002010
Current release7.8.0, June 20202.1.12, February 20173.1.9, February 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptJavaCJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJava, Javascriptnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureUsing read-only observersHooksyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneMulti-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infousing MemoryDByesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchLovefieldOrientDBSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchLovefieldOrientDBSQLiteStardog
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