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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. LevelDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. LevelDB vs. RavenDB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value storeDocument storeRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeGraph DBMS infoexperimental
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score151.44
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.86
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score3.45
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score0.39
Rank#220  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchgithub.com/­google/­leveldbravendb.netrdf4j.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdravendb.net/­docsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperElasticGoogleHibernating RhinosSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2010201120102004
Current release7.3.0, August 20191.22, May 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaC++C#Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
C++ API
Go
Java infoThird party binding
Node.js infoThird party binding
Python infoThird party binding
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesyes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneMulti-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleno
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchLevelDBRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Typical application scenariosSearch, logging, security, metrics, maps and business analytics use cases.
» more
Key customers
» more
Market metricsMore than 400 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
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More resources
ElasticsearchLevelDBRavenDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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