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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.30
Rank#134  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score3.23
Rank#106  Overall
#19  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchjanusgraph.orgrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.janusgraph.orgrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release201020172009
Current release8.6, January 20230.6.3, February 20232.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serveryes infousers and table-level permissions

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More resources
ElasticsearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanRethinkDB
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