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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMSVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.30
Rank#134  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.47
Rank#171  Overall
#5  Vector DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchjanusgraph.orgmilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.janusgraph.orgmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperElasticLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release201020172019
Current release8.6, January 20230.6.3, February 20232.3.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++, Go
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesVector, Numeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerRole based access control and fine grained access rights
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
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Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMilvus
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Zilliz Cloud Ascends to New Heights: A Quantum Leap in Speed, Performance, and Developer Satisfaction with the ...
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