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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.30
Rank#134  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score113.17
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchjanusgraph.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.janusgraph.orgdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperElasticLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMicrosoft
Initial release201020171992
Current release8.6, January 20230.6.3, February 20231902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serverno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
ElasticsearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMicrosoft Access
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