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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelSearch engineTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith GEO packageDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score152.18
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score26.55
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperElasticPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.8.0, June 20202.0.2, November 202013.2 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaGoC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlypartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoDepending on used storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchInfluxDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ElasticsearchInfluxDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Amazon Elasticsearch Service Introduces Auto-Tune
1 April 2021, InfoQ.com

Elastic and Confluent Partner to Develop Enhanced Experience for Kafka and Elasticsearch Users
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Elastic Announces Enhanced Access to Nearly Unlimited Data to Help Customers Gain Deeper Business Insights
24 March 2021, Business Wire

Not bad in the grand schema of things: Elastic pushes out 7.12 with direct object storage search • DEVCLASS
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