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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. InfluxDB vs. Memcached vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. InfluxDB vs. Memcached vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelSearch engineTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score150.50
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score23.34
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score26.34
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score60.45
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.memcached.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikidocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperElasticDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalMicrosoft
Initial release2010201320032010
Current release7.8.0, June 20201.8.0, April 20201.6.0, March 2020V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaGoCC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoTransact SQL
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlynone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoDepending on used storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accountsyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchInfluxDBMemcachedMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchInfluxDBMemcachedMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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