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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Impala vs. mSQL vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Impala vs. mSQL vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricAnalytic DBMS for HadoopmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score144.93
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score17.82
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1.50
Rank#158  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score20.62
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperElasticClouderaHughes TechnologiesApache Software Foundation
Initial release2010201319942014
Current release7.8.0, June 20204.1.0, June 20224.4, October 20213.3.0 ( 2.13), June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++CScala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenono
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factornonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosnono

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More resources
ElasticsearchImpalamSQL infoMini SQLSpark SQL
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