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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Ignite vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Ignite vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.A Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score4.41
Rank#84  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
#46  Relational DBMS
Score2.30
Rank#134  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchignite.apache.orgjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperElasticApache Software FoundationLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release201020152017
Current release8.6, January 2023Apache Ignite 2.60.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++, Java, .NetJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes (cache interceptors and events)yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes (replicated cache)yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
ElasticsearchIgniteJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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