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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Splunk

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Splunk

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSplunk  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSAnalytics Platform for Big Data
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score144.93
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score146.61
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score90.79
Rank#14  Overall
#2  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.splunk.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.splunk.com/­Documentation/­Splunk
DeveloperElasticIBMMicrosoftSplunk Inc.
Initial release20101983 infohost version19892003
Current release7.8.0, June 202012.1, October 2016SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoLimited free edition and free developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyesno infoSplunk Search Processing Language for search commands
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP REST
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versiontables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDno infoA 'Transaction' in Splunk has a different meaning: grouping related events into a single one for later searching
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
ElasticsearchIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft SQL ServerSplunk
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