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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Hive vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Hive vs. RavenDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score65.81
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score3.94
Rank#94  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhive.apache.orgravendb.net
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homeravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperElasticApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookHibernating Rhinos
Initial release201020122010
Current release8.6, January 20233.1.3, April 20225.4, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC#
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
.NET Client API
F# Client API
Go Client API
Java Client API
NodeJS Client API
PHP Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
F#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual ConsistencyDefault ACID transactions on the local node (eventually consistent across the cluster). Atomic operations with cluster-wide ACID transactions. Eventual consistency for indexes and full-text search indexes.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAuthorization levels configured per client per database

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More resources
ElasticsearchHiveRavenDB
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon OpenSearch Ingestion now supports migrating your ElasticSearch indexes to Amazon OpenSearch Service
17 November 2023, AWS Blog

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17 November 2023, SiliconANGLE News

Mastering Elasticsearch: A Beginner's Guide to Powerful Searches and Precision — Part 1
21 November 2023, Towards Data Science

Searching Data in Elasticsearch: A Comprehensive Guide | by Kacper Bąk
12 August 2023, Medium

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