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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score65.81
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score113.17
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhive.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperElasticApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release201020121992
Current release8.6, January 20233.1.3, April 20221902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and rolesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
ElasticsearchHiveMicrosoft Access
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