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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA widely adopted in-memory data gridA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score10.70
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.37
Rank#264  Overall
#18  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhazelcast.commilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperElasticHazelcast
Initial release201020082019
Current release7.8.0, June 20205.1, March 20222.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++, Go
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoEventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoReplicated Map
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchHazelcastMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchHazelcastMilvus
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