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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast vs. Memcached

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast vs. Memcached

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA widely adopted in-memory data gridIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for caching
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.35
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score5.97
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score19.42
Rank#32  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhazelcast.comwww.memcached.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wiki
DeveloperElasticHazelcastDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournal
Initial release201020082003
Current release8.6, January 20235.3.6, November 20231.6.27, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategy
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoEventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoReplicated Mapnone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallity
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus Algorithm
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesno
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocol

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ElasticsearchHazelcastMemcached
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