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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelSearch engineWide column storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score42.45
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score0.12
Rank#308  Overall
#19  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhbase.apache.orggithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhbase.apache.orgweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperElasticApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetSeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release201020082017
Current release7.8.0, June 20202.3.4, January 20211.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaGo
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free, schema definition possibleyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoCoprocessors in Javano
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchHBaseWeaviate
Typical application scenariosAs a stand-alone vector search engine, or use one of the many modules (transformers,...
» more
Key customersA ll companies that have data. ​
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWeaviate is open-source, and free to use. We also offer Fully managed Weaviate on...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchHBaseWeaviate
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