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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. Splunk

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. Splunk

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonSplunk  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableAnalytics Platform for Big Data
Primary database modelSearch engineWide column storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.35
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score30.50
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score86.45
Rank#14  Overall
#2  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhbase.apache.orgwww.splunk.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhbase.apache.org/­book.htmldocs.splunk.com/­Documentation/­Splunk
DeveloperElasticApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetSplunk Inc.
Initial release201020082003
Current release8.6, January 20232.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoLimited free edition and free developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono infoSplunk Search Processing Language for search commands
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP REST
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no infoA 'Transaction' in Splunk has a different meaning: grouping related events into a single one for later searching
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
ElasticsearchHBaseSplunk
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Recent citations in the news

Elasticsearch Open Inference API Now Supports Microsoft Azure AI Studio
22 May 2024, Business Wire

Splunk vs Elasticsearch | A Comparison and How to Choose
12 January 2024, SentinelOne

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29 April 2024, InfoQ.com

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