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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Teradata Aster vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Teradata Aster vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Platform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and typesA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score158.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.16
Rank#295  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.ontotext.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentation
DeveloperElasticOntotextTeradata
Initial release2010200020052009
Current release7.8.0, June 20209.8, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Storeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoin Aster File Storeno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagestored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityR packagesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replicationyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Frameworkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationnone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTeradata AsterTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTeradata AsterTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

Knowledge Graph Forum
Virtual Event, 10/26:3pm CEST, 10/27:7:30pm CEST, 26-27 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

How to install the Elasticsearch analytics engine with a handy GUI on AlmaLinux
7 October 2021, TechRepublic

Webinar: How to secure your sensitive data in Elasticsearch
13 October 2021, Help Net Security

Elastic Showcases How Customers Solve Data Challenges with the Power of Search at ElasticON Global Virtual Conference
7 October 2021, Business Wire

Telegraph newspaper bares 10TB of subscriber data and server logs to world+dog
5 October 2021, The Register

Elastic Announces Expanded Integrations with Google Cloud
12 October 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.8 Brings Text Mining and Kafka Connectivity
2 June 2021, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext Platform 3.4 Brings Better Search and Aggregation in Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

An overview of the Teradata Aster Analytics platform
31 May 2017, TechTarget

Teradata platform helps big-data analysts ask the right questions
23 October 2013, GCN.com

Teradata Aster gets graph database, HDFS-compatible file store
8 October 2013, ZDNet

Teradata Aster Connector for Spark Drives Data Democracy
8 June 2016, insideBIGDATA

Case study: Siemens reduces train failures with Teradata Aster
12 September 2016, RCR Wireless News

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