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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score148.82
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.09
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score49.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.72
Rank#178  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchgraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticOntotextNeo4j, Inc.Complexible Inc.
Initial release2010200020072010
Current release7.0.0, April 20198.8, January 20193.5.4, April 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSPARQL is used as query languagenoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customers
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Smart Negative News Monitoring Makes Banks’ KYC Process More Efficient
20 June 2019

If Johnny Mnemonic Smuggled Linked Data
31 May 2019

Semantic Search for Smart Data Discovery in the Pharma Industry
17 May 2019

Data, Databases and Deeds: A SPARQL Query to the Rescue
26 April 2019

AI, the Power of Knowledge and the Future Ahead: An Interview with Head of Ontotext’s R&I Milena Yankova
5 April 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Tencent Cloud Elasticsearch Service: A New Partnership in China and Beyond
22 May 2019, Yahoo Finance

Vizion.ai for Elasticsearch
4 June 2019, ITPro Today

Ricoh searches terabytes of global IT logs in real time with Elasticsearch
31 May 2019, Help Net Security

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provided by Google News

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, PRNewswire

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12 June 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext Offers Its 11th Designing a Semantic Technology PoC Live Online Training
12 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

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provided by Google News

Global NoSQL Market 2019 – Oracle, MarkLogic, MongoDB, Couchbase, Database, Basho, Aerospike, Neo4j
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Expect graph database use cases for the enterprise to take off
29 May 2019, TechTarget

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28 May 2019, Forbes

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, VentureBeat

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