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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. mSQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. mSQL vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServermSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score150.25
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.15
Rank#138  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score27.89
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1.42
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchgraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticOntotextMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesStardog-Union
Initial release20102000201019942010
Current release7.3.0, August 20198.8, January 2019V124.2, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial infofree licenses can be providedcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++CJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSPARQL is used as query languageyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Server PluginTransact SQLnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyesnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availablenoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzuremSQL infoMini SQLStardog
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customers
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
7 November 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Semantic Technology and the Strive for Drug Safety
21 October 2019

Artificial Intelligence and the Knowledge Graph
10 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzuremSQL infoMini SQLStardog
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019

Recent citations in the news

AWS Bolsters Redshift, Elasticsearch Services
4 December 2019, Datanami

AWS announces UltraWarm tier for Amazon Elasticsearch Service
3 December 2019, TechCrunch

Exposed: Amazon Elasticsearch exposure
15 November 2019, Naked Security

Elasticsearch Server Exposed 1.2 Billion People Data
25 November 2019, CISO MAG

An unsecured Elasticsearch server exposed 1.2 billion user records containing their personal and social information
26 November 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

IDERA SQL Diagnostic Manager for SQL Server 10.5 Expands Performance Monitoring On-Premises and in the Cloud
3 December 2019, Associated Press

How to share SQL tables and views using Azure Data Share - Microsoft
29 November 2019, Channel 9

Microsoft shows off hybrid cloud management and cloud analytics tools at Ignite
14 November 2019, CIO

Discovering, classifying, labeling & protecting SQL data – now available for all - Microsoft
21 November 2019, Channel 9

provided by Google News

A Memorial to the Grandfather of Headphone Enthusiasm
15 March 2016, InnerFidelity

TransWare Offers New Translation Tools and Services for ARIS® 7.x, 9.x Full translation to Microsoft Visio® 2010, 2013 and 2016 and Many Other Modeling Tools
12 October 2015, PR Web

Writing a Web Service in Perl
13 July 2018, PCQuest

provided by Google News

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