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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Vector DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score134.78
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.62
Rank#240  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#35  Key-value stores
Score1.81
Rank#144  Overall
#5  Vector DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.graphengine.iomilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperElasticMicrosoft
Initial release201020102019
Current release8.6, January 20232.3.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageJava.NET and CC++, Go
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM.NETLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesVector, Numeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlRole based access control and fine grained access rights
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMilvus
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Vector databases
2 June 2023, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Introducing Elasticsearch Vector Database to Azure OpenAI Service On Your Data (Preview)
26 March 2024, insider.govtech.com

Elastic's Latest Update Brings Cohere's Text Embedding Models to Elasticsearch
3 April 2024, Datanami

ElasticSearch Goes Deep on OpenTelemetry with eBPF Donation
13 March 2024, The New Stack

Elasticsearch Open Inference API Supports Cohere Rerank 3
11 April 2024, Business Wire

Mastering Elasticsearch: A Beginner's Guide to Powerful Searches and Precision — Part 1
21 November 2023, Towards Data Science

provided by Google News

Trinity
2 June 2023, microsoft.com

Open source Microsoft Graph Engine takes on Neo4j
13 February 2017, InfoWorld

IBM releases Graph, a service that can outperform SQL databases
27 July 2016, GeekWire

How Google and Microsoft taught search to "understand" the Web
6 June 2012, Ars Technica

Aerospike Is Now a Graph Database, Too
21 June 2023, Datanami

provided by Google News

AI-Powered Search Engine With Milvus Vector Database on Vultr
31 January 2024, SitePoint

What Is Milvus Vector Database?
6 October 2023, The New Stack

Zilliz Unveils Game-Changing Features for Vector Search
22 March 2024, Datanami

Milvus 2.4 Unveils Game-Changing Features for Enhanced Vector Search
20 March 2024, GlobeNewswire

Zilliz Cloud boosts vector database performance
31 January 2024, InfoWorld

provided by Google News



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