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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score156.00
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.88
Rank#187  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score0.34
Rank#267  Overall
#17  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.graphengine.iomilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperElasticMicrosoft
Initial release201020102019
Current release7.8.0, June 20202.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava.NET and CC++, Go
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM.NETLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
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Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
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Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
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Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
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Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
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Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
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More resources
ElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMilvus
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