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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.68
Rank#242  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#35  Key-value stores
Score31.99
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manuallearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201020102014
Current release8.6, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava.NET and C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM.NEThosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
ElasticsearchGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon OpenSearch Ingestion now supports migrating your ElasticSearch indexes to Amazon OpenSearch Service
17 November 2023, AWS Blog

Cribl forges strategic alliance with Elasticsearch for enhanced observability and AI integration
17 November 2023, SiliconANGLE News

12K Misconfigured Elasticsearch Buckets Ravaged by Extortionists
29 November 2023, Dark Reading

Mastering Elasticsearch: A Beginner's Guide to Powerful Searches and Precision — Part 1
21 November 2023, Towards Data Science

Elastic’s Elasticsearch Relevance Engine Enables Generative AI Search
19 June 2023, Forbes

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Open source Microsoft Graph Engine takes on Neo4j
13 February 2017, InfoWorld

Microsoft quietly delivers first preview of Graph Engine
15 May 2015, ZDNet

IBM releases Graph, a service that can outperform SQL databases
27 July 2016, GeekWire

How Google and Microsoft taught search to "understand" the Web
6 June 2012, Ars Technica

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

provided by Google News

New Azure Cosmos DB Features to Boost Performance and Optimize Cost
26 June 2023, InfoQ.com

Azure Cosmos DB joins the AI toolchain
23 May 2023, InfoWorld

Microsoft Azure AI, data, and application innovations help turn your AI ambitions into reality
15 November 2023, azure.microsoft.com

How to Migrate Azure Cosmos DB Databases | by Arwin Lashawn
25 August 2023, DataDrivenInvestor

Microsoft turbocharges AI development with Fabric, Azure AI Studio and database updates
15 November 2023, SiliconANGLE News

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