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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Grakn vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Grakn vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score151.59
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.60
Rank#206  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#99  Relational DBMS
Score116.54
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgrakn.aiproducts.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldev.grakn.ai/­docsmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperElasticGrakn LabsMicrosoft
Initial release201020161992
Current release7.7.0, May 20201.8.0, June 20201902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS, GCP and Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraknMicrosoft Access
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosSearch, logging, security, metrics, maps and business analytics use cases.
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customers
» more
Market metricsMore than 400 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

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26 June 2020

Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 2/3
26 June 2020

Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 1/3
26 June 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchGraknMicrosoft Access
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