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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Grakn vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Grakn vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.A containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Enterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score149.17
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.49
Rank#207  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Score1.12
Rank#143  Overall
#21  Document stores
#24  Key-value stores
#6  Object oriented DBMS
#70  Relational DBMS
Score88.35
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.79
Rank#169  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchgrakn.aiwww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irismariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarywww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticGrakn LabsInterSystemsMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Stardog-Union
Initial release20102016201820092010
Current release7.3.0, August 20191.6.2, January 20202018.1.1, February 201810.4.12, January 20206.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesdepending on used data modelyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using CassandraShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnoyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraknInterSystems IRISMariaDBStardog
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
InterSystems IRIS is a complete cloud-first data platform which includes a multi-model...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosSearch, logging, security, metrics, maps and business analytics use cases.
» more
Life sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customers
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsMore than 400 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Drug Discovery Knowledge Graphs
7 June 2019

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchGraknInterSystems IRISMariaDBStardog
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Conferences and events

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