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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Google Search Appliance vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Google Search Appliance vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Search Appliance  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricThe Google Search Appliance consists of hardware and software for indexing documents in local networks.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets
Primary database modelSearch engineSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score148.40
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.77
Rank#94  Overall
#10  Search engines
Score31.98
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score5.00
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchenterprise.google.com/­search/­products/­gsa.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tables
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlsupport.google.com/­gsadocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperElasticGoogleMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2010200220142012
Current release7.3.0, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Administrative API
Browser interface
HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-slave replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentication via various security protocolsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGoogle Search ApplianceMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
Key customers
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
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More resources
ElasticsearchGoogle Search ApplianceMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
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