DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchcloud.google.com/­spannerazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperElasticGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201020172010
Current release7.8.0, June 2020V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoTransact SQL
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchGoogle Cloud SpannerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Elastic CEO reflects on Amazon spat, license switch, and the principles of open source
27 December 2021, VentureBeat

Elastic shares drop after co-founder of Banon steps down as CEO of software company
12 January 2022, CNBC

Qbox Joins Instaclustr, the Platform for Open Source Data
11 January 2022, GlobeNewswire

How to install Kibana Dashboard on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04 LTS
13 January 2022, Linux Shout

Walgreens moves to AI-driven search experience with Algolia
17 January 2022, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Spanner Dialect for SQLAlchemy is Generally Available
15 January 2022, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Gives Spanner a PostgreSQL Interface
12 October 2021, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

Database in the cloud: All about Google Cloud Spanner
29 October 2021, TechGenix

Google Cloud Digital Leader exam guide has been updated from January 26, 2022
6 January 2022, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Azure SQL Database Ranked Among Top 3 Databases of 2020
14 January 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Splunk Administrator
DP Professional, Remote

Front End Developer
Springhead Technologies, Remote

devops with aws elasticsearch
Formac Inc, Sunnyvale, CA

Elasticsearch - Director of Product Management
Referral Board, California

ElasticSearch Administrator
AMCHES, INC, Annapolis Junction, MD

Staff Software Engineer, Spanner, Google Cloud
Google, New York, NY

Software Engineer III, Google Play
Google, Atlanta, GA

Application Engineer, Supply Chain System
Google, Sunnyvale, CA

Google Cloud Platform (GCP) Data Warehouse Architect
Capgemini, Chicago, IL

Google Cloud Spanner Database SME
NR Consulting LLC, Parsippany, NJ

Data Analyst
Midtronics, Willowbrook, IL

Technical Support Engineering - Azure SQL Database (PaaS)
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

SQL Developer
Tredence, Las Vegas, NV

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Austin, TX

Database developer
Intone Networks, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here