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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Graphite

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Graphite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called Whisper
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score154.33
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score9.09
Rank#53  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score5.50
Rank#74  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoregithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-web
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoregraphite.readthedocs.io
DeveloperElasticGoogleChris Davis
Initial release201020172006
Current release7.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaPython
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Unix
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes, with Cloud Functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop ConnectorUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolocking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.no

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More resources
ElasticsearchGoogle Cloud FirestoreGraphite
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Recent citations in the news

Thousands of unprotected Elasticsearch databases are being ransomed
6 June 2022, TechRepublic

Elasticsearch server with no password or encryption leaks a million records
16 June 2022, The Register

Elastic Launches Elastic Security for Cloud
7 June 2022, Business Wire

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