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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud Platformdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score5.29
Rank#76  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score65.81
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchcloud.google.com/­datastorehive.apache.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperElasticGoogleApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release201020082012
Current release8.6, January 20233.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (GQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesusing Google App Engineyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication using Paxosselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactionsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles

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More resources
ElasticsearchGoogle Cloud DatastoreHive
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