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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Firebird vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Firebird vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score132.83
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score20.50
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score2.78
Rank#103  Overall
#4  Vector DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.firebirdsql.orgmilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperElasticFirebird Foundation
Initial release20102000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2019
Current release8.6, January 20235.0.0, January 20242.4.4, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++, Go
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesVector, Numeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPSQLno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptRole based access control and fine grained access rights
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchFirebirdMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchFirebirdMilvus
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