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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. SQream DB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. SQream DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonSQream DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.a GPU-based, columnar RDBMS for big data analytics workloads
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.74
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score16.35
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.85
Rank#223  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasesqream.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.sqream.com
DeveloperElasticGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014SQream Technologies
Initial release201020122017
Current release8.6, January 20232022.1.6, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++, CUDA, Haskell, Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, ANSI Standard SQL Types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'user defined functions in Python
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal and vertical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
ElasticsearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseSQream DB
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon OpenSearch Ingestion now supports migrating your ElasticSearch indexes to Amazon OpenSearch Service
17 November 2023, AWS Blog

Cribl forges strategic alliance with Elasticsearch for enhanced observability and AI integration
17 November 2023, SiliconANGLE News

12K Misconfigured Elasticsearch Buckets Ravaged by Extortionists
29 November 2023, Dark Reading

Mastering Elasticsearch: A Beginner's Guide to Powerful Searches and Precision — Part 1
21 November 2023, Towards Data Science

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19 June 2023, Forbes

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18 January 2024, Atos

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9 May 2023, Appinventiv

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9 February 2024, insideBIGDATA

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24 June 2020, VentureBeat

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